Farrar and Montgomery discuss executive functioning and memory development (2015), you learned about factors that influence brain development. For this assignment, you will build upon that knowledge by further investigating how the brain learns. Remember that working memory, attention, and executive functions are interconnected and are crucial to the learning process. This includes the ability for a child to pay attention, demonstrate inhibitory control, and goal-directed behavior. Children may possess varying degrees of each of these functions, but they work together to create cognitive control and flexibility. For this assignment, you will assume the role of a professional development coordinator for your state’s early childhood programs and develop a flyer titled “How the Brain Learns” that informs families about the role of working memory, attention, and executive function in learning and development. You may develop your flyer using Microsoft Word or Microsoft Publisher. Before completing this assignment, review the Week Two Instructor Guidance for additional information, resources, and support. Additionally, review the Grading Rubric for this assignment to understand how you will be evaluated and contact your instructor using the “Ask Your Instructor” discussion before the due date with questions.
In the “How the Brain Learns” flyer, include separate sections that address each of the following:
Key Words (1 point): Define working memory, attention, and executive functions.
Relationship Among Executive Functions (1 point): Using examples, discuss the relationship among the three core executive functions (i.e., working memory, inhibitory control, and set-shifting).
Development of Executive Functions: Using examples, discuss how the three core executive functions develop from infancy through age 8.
Executive Functions and Role: Examine the role the three core executive functions play in learning and development. For each of the functions, provide a specific example to support your examination.
Neural Regions and Executive Functions: Explain at least two ways the prefrontal and ventral striatum neural regions are associated with executive functions in emotional situations.
Delayed Gratification: Using examples, discuss at least two different factors that influence young children’s willingness to delay gratification.
Environmental Influences: Using examples, explain at least three environmental influences that impact executive functioning and memory.
Training of Executive Functions: Discuss at least two specific ways to help executive functions in children in the classroom.
Flyer Design: Incorporates at least three images or graphics that are related to the content of the flyer.
Length: Flyer must be at least 2 pages in length.
Source Requirement: Reference two scholarly sources in addition to the text. All sources included in the References list must be cited in the content of the flyer.
APA Formatting: Use APA formatting consistently throughout the assignment, which includes citations in the body of the assignment, the title page, and references list.
Syntax and Mechanics: Display meticulous comprehension and organization of syntax and mechanics, such as spelling and grammar.
Farrar, M.J. & Montgomery, D. (2015). Cognitive Development of Children: Research and Application. San Diego, CA; Bridgepoint Education
McLeod, S. A. (2007). Vygotsky – Simply Psychology. Retrieved from http://www.simplypsychology.org/vygotsky.html
Moffitt, T. E., Arseneault, L., Belsky, D., Dickson, N., Hancox, R. J., Harrington, H., Houts, R., Poulton, R., Roberts, B. W., Ross, S., Sears, M. R., Thomson, W. M., and Caspi, A. (2011). A gradient of childhood self-control predicts health, wealth, and public safety. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3041102/
P. R. Klem (personal communication, 2014).
Piaget Stages of Development. Retrieved from http://www.webmd.com/children/piaget-stages-of-development
Stages of Intellectual Development in Children and Teenagers. Retrieved from http://childdevelopmentinfo.com/child-development/piaget/
Siegler, R.S. & Alibali-Wagner, M. (2005). Children’s thinking (4th ed.) Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall.
Understanding Intelligence Testing for Children. Retrieved from http://learningdisabilities.about.com/od/glossar1/a/intelligencetes.htm
Vygotsky, L. (1986). Thought and Language. Cambridge, MA. The MIT Press.
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