Appendix | Computer Science homework help






This appendix provides two cases in addition to the running case in Chapters 4 through 13

of this text. The first case includes tasks ordered by each of the 10 knowledge areas discussed

in Chapters 4 through 13. The second case includes tasks based on the five project

management process groups. This appendix also includes information about using several

project management simulation software tools and MindView Business mind-mapping

software. Additional running cases and suggestions for other student projects are available

on the instructor Web site.

The purpose of these cases is to help you practice and develop the project management

skills you learned from this text. Several of the tasks involve using templates provided on the

companion Web site (’s personal Website(www. Instructors can download the suggested solutions for these cases from the

password-protected section on Cengage Technology’s Web site. Contact a sales representative

at using the “Find Your Rep” menu.



Part 1: Project Integration Management

You work for We Are Big, Inc., an international firm with more than 100,000 employees in

several countries. A strategic goal is to help improve the environment while increasing

revenues and reducing costs. The Environmental Technologies Program just started, and the

VP of Operations, Natalie, is the program sponsor. Ito is the program manager, and there is

a steering committee made up of 10 senior executives, including Natalie, who oversees the

program. Several projects operate within this program, including the Green Computing

Research Project. The CIO and project sponsor, Ben, has given this project high priority and

plans to hold special interviews to hand-pick the project manager and team. Ben is also a

member of the program steering committee. Before coming to We Are Big, Ben sponsored a

project at a large computer firm to improve data center efficiency. This project, however, is

much broader. The main purpose of the Green Computing Research Project is to research

possible applications of green computing, including the following:

• Data center and overall energy efficiency

• Disposal of electronic waste and recycling

Appendix C

• Telecommuting

• Virtualization of server resources

• Thin client solutions

• Use of open source software

• Development of new software to address green computing for internal use and

potential sale to other organizations


The budget for the project is $500,000, and the goal is to provide an extensive report,

including detailed financial analysis and recommendations for which green computing

technologies to implement. Official project request forms for the recommended solutions

will also be created as part of the project.

Ben decided to have five people working full-time on this six-month project and to call

on people in other areas as needed. He wanted to be personally involved in selecting the

project manager and to have that person help him select the rest of the project team. Ben

wanted to find people already working inside the company, but he was also open to

reviewing applications for potential new employees to work specifically on his project as

long as they could start quickly. Because many good people were located in different parts

of the world, Ben thought it made sense to select the best people he could find and allow

them to work virtually on the project. Ben also wanted the project manager to do more

than just manage the project. The project manager would also do some of the research,

writing, and editing required to produce the desired results. Ben was also open to paying

expert consultants for their advice and to purchasing books and related articles as needed.


1. Research green computing and green projects performed by large organizations

such as IBM, Dell, HP, and Google. See

and similar sites provided on the companion Web site, or find sites yourself.

Include your definition of green computing to incorporate all of the topics

listed in the background scenario. Describe each area of green computing,

including a detailed example of how at least one organization has implemen-

ted each area, and investigate the return on investment. Summarize your

results in a short paper, and cite at least three references.

2. Prepare a weighted decision matrix using the template named

wtd_decision_matrix.xls from the companion Web site. Ben will use this

matrix to evaluate applicants for project manager for this important project.

Develop at least five criteria, assign weights to each criterion, assign scores,

and then calculate the weighted scores for four fictitious applicants. Print the

spreadsheet and bar chart with the results. Write a one-page paper that

describes the weighted decision matrix and summarizes the results.

3. Prepare the financial section of a business case for the Green Computing

Research Project. Assume that this project will take six months to complete (in

Year 0) and will cost $500,000. The costs to implement some of the technologies

will be $2 million for year one and $600,000 for years two and three. Estimated

benefits are $500,000 in the first year after implementation and $2.5

million in the following two years. Use the business case spreadsheet template

(business_case_financials.xls) from the companion Web site to help calculate

the NPV, ROI, and the year in which payback occurs. Assume a 7 percent discount

rate, but make sure the rate is an input that is easy to change.

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4. Prepare a project charter for the Green Computing Research Project. Again,

assume that the project will take six months to complete and that the budget

is $500,000. Use the project charter template (charter.doc) and examples of

the project charters in Chapters 3 and 4 as guidelines. Assume that part of

the approach is to select the project team as quickly as possible.


5. Because people will request changes to the project, make sure that you have

a good integrated change control process in place. You also want to address

change requests as quickly as possible. Review the template for a change

request form (change_request.doc) provided on the companion Web site.

Write a short paper that describes how you plan to manage changes on this

project in a timely manner. Explain who will be involved in making change

control decisions, what paperwork or electronic systems will be used to

collect and respond to changes, and other related issues.

Part 2: Project Scope Management

Congratulations! You have been selected as the project manager for the Green Computing

Research Project. The company’s CIO, Ben, is the project sponsor, and Ito is the program

manager for the larger Environmental Technologies Program. Now you need to put

together your project team and get to work on this high-visibility project. You will work

with Ben to hand-pick your team. Ben had already worked with the HR department to

advertise team openings internally and outside the company. Ben also used his personal

contacts to let people know about this important project. In addition, you are encouraged

to use outside consultants and other resources as appropriate. Initial estimates suggest

that about $300,000 of the funds budgeted for this project will go to internal staffing, and

the rest will go to outside sources. The main products you will create are a series of

research reports—one for each green computing technology listed earlier and a final

report that includes all data. You will also produce formal project proposals for at least

four recommendations to implement some of these technologies. Ben suggested that the

team should develop at least 20 different project ideas and then recommend the top four

based on extensive analysis. Ben thought that some type of decision support model would

make sense to help collect and analyze the project ideas. You are expected to tap into

resources that are available from the Environmental Technologies Program, so you need to

include some of those resources in your project budget. Ben mentioned that some research

had already been done on increasing the use of telecommuting. Ben also showed you examples

of what he considered good research reports. You notice that his examples are very

professional, with plenty of charts and references; most are 20 to 30 pages and are singlespaced.

Ben has also shown you examples of good formal project proposals for We Are Big,

Inc. These proposals are quite detailed as well; they often reference other research and

include a detailed business case.


1. Document requirements for your project so far, including a requirements traceability

matrix. Use the reqs_matrix.xls template provided on the companion

Web site. Also include a list of questions you would like to ask the sponsor

about the scope.

2. Develop a scope statement for the project using the template provided

(scope_statement.doc). Be as specific as possible in describing product

Appendix C

characteristics and deliverables. Make assumptions as needed, assuming you

received answers to your questions in Task 1.

3. Develop a work breakdown structure (WBS) for the project. Break down the

work to level 3 or level 4, as appropriate. Use the wbs.doc template on the

companion Web site and samples in the text as guides. Print the WBS in list

form as a Word file. Be sure to base your WBS on the project scope statement,

stakeholder requirements, and other relevant information. Remember

to include the work involved in selecting the rest of your project team and

outside resources as well as coordinating with the Environmental Technologies

Program. Use the project management process groups as level 2 WBS

items or include project management as a level 2 WBS item to make sure you

include work related to managing the project.


4. Use the WBS you developed in Task 3 to create a Gantt chart for the project

in Microsoft Project 2010. Use the outline numbering feature to display the

outline numbers. Click Tools on the menu bar, click Options, and then click

Show outline number. Do not enter any durations or dependencies. Print the

resulting Gantt chart on one page, and make sure to display the entire Task

Name column.

Part 3: Project Time Management

As project manager, you are actively leading the Green Computing Research Project team

in developing a schedule. You and Ben found three internal people and one new hire to fill

the positions on the project team as follows:

• Matt is a senior technical specialist in the corporate IT department. He works

in the building next to yours and Ben’s. He is an expert in collaboration

technologies, and he volunteers in his community to help organize ways for

residents to dispose of computers, printers, and cell phones.

• Teresa is a senior systems analyst in the IT department in a city 500 miles

away from your office. She just finished an analysis of virtualization of

server resources for her office, which has responsibility for the company’s

data center.

• James is a senior consultant in the strategic research department in a city

1,000 miles away from your office. He has a great reputation as being a font

of knowledge and excellent presenter. Although he is over 60, he has a lot

of energy.

• Le is a new hire and former colleague of Ben’s. She was working in Malaysia,

but she was planning to move to your location and begin work about four

weeks after the project started. Le wrote her doctoral thesis on green


While waiting for everyone to start working on your project, you talked to several

people who were working on other projects in the Environmental Technologies Program

and you did some research on green computing. You can use a fair amount of the work

already done on telecommuting, and you have the name of a consulting firm to help with

that part of your project, if needed. Ito and Ben both suggested that you get up to speed

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on available collaboration tools because much of your project work will be done virtually.

They knew that Matt would be a tremendous asset for your team in that area. You have

contacted other IT staff to get detailed information on your company’s needs and plans

in other areas of green computing. You also found out about a big program meeting in

England next month that you and one or two of your team members should attend.

Recall that the Green Computing Research Project is expected to be completed in six

months, and you and your four team members are assigned full-time to the project.

Your project sponsor, Ben, has made it clear that delivering a good product is the most

important goal, and he thinks you should have no problem meeting your schedule goal.

He can authorize additional funds, if needed. You have decided to hire a part-time editor

and consultant, Deb, to help your team produce the final reports and project proposals.

You know Deb from a past job. Your team has agreed to add a one-week buffer at the

end of the project to ensure that you finish on time or early.



1. Review the WBS and Gantt chart you created for Tasks 3 and 4 in Part 2.

Propose three to five additional activities you think are needed to help you

estimate resources and durations. Write a one-page paper that describes

these new activities.

2. Identify at least four milestones for this project. Write a one-page paper that

describes each milestone using the SMART criteria.

3. Using the Gantt chart you created for Task 4 in Part 2, and the new activities

and milestones you proposed in Tasks 1 and 2 above, estimate the task durations

and enter dependencies as appropriate. Remember that your schedule

goal for the project is six months. Print the Gantt chart and network diagram.

4. Write a one-page paper that summarizes how you would assign people to each

activity. Include a table or matrix that lists the number of hours each person

would work on each task. These resource assignments should make sense

given the duration estimates made in Task 3.

5. Assume that your project team starts falling behind schedule. In several

cases, it is difficult to find detailed information on some of the green computing

technologies, especially financial data. You know that it is important to

meet or beat the six-month schedule goal, but quality is the most important

goal. Describe contingency strategies for making up lost time and avoiding

schedule slips in the future.

Part 4: Project Cost Management

Your project sponsor has asked you and your team to refine the cost estimate for the

project so that a solid cost baseline exists for evaluating project performance. Recall that

your schedule and cost goals are to complete the project in six months or less for under

$500,000. Initial estimates suggested that about $300,000 would be spent on internal

labor. You mistakenly thought that travel costs would be included in that $300,000, but

now you realize that travel is a separate cost item. The trip to England early in the project

cost $6,000, which you had not expected.

Appendix C


1. Prepare and print a one-page cost estimate for the project, similar to the one

provided in Chapter 7. Use the WBS categories you created earlier, and be

sure to document assumptions you make in preparing the cost estimate.

Assume a burdened labor rate of $100/hour for yourself (the project manager),

$90/hour for Teresa, James, and Le, and $80/hour for Matt. Assume

about $200/hour for outsourced labor.


2. Using the cost estimate you created in Task 1, prepare a cost baseline by

allocating the costs by WBS for each month of the project.

3. Assume that you have completed three months of the project and have actual

data. The BAC was $500,000 for this six-month project. Also assume the











Using this information, write a short report that answers the following


a. What is the cost variance, schedule variance, cost performance index

(CPI), and schedule performance index (SPI) for the project?

b. Use the CPI to calculate the estimate at completion (EAC) for this

project. Use the SPI to estimate how long it will take to finish this

project. Sketch an earned value chart using the preceding information,

including the EAC point. See Figure 7-5 as a guide. Write a paragraph

that explains the information in the chart.

c. How is the project doing? Is it ahead of schedule or behind schedule? Is

it under budget or over budget? Should you alert your sponsor or other

senior management and ask for assistance?

4. Several tasks that involve getting inputs from consultants outside your own

company have cost more and taken longer to complete than planned. You

have talked to the consultants several times, but they say they are doing

their best. You also underestimated travel costs for this project. Write a

one-page paper that describes corrective action you could take to address

these problems.

Part 5: Project Quality Management

The Green Computing Research Project team is working hard to ensure that its work

meets expectations. The team has a detailed project scope statement and schedule, but as

the project manager, you want to make sure that you’ll satisfy key stakeholders, especially

Ben, the project sponsor, and Ito, the program manager. You have seen how tough Ito can

be on project managers after listening to his critiques of other project managers at the

monthly program review meeting. He was adamant about having solid research and financial

analysis and liked to see people use technology to make quick what-if projections. You

were impressed to see that several other project teams had developed computer models to

help them perform sensitivity analysis and make important decisions. Most of the models

were developed using Excel, which Ito preferred, and you were glad that you and Matt

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were experts in Excel. Ito was easy on you at your first monthly review because things

were just getting started, but he did give you a list of items to report on next month. You

had Ben at the review to help answer some of the tough questions, but you wanted to be

able to hold your own at future monthly meetings.



1. Develop a list of at least five quality standards or requirements related to

meeting stakeholder expectations, especially Ben and Ito’s. Also provide a

brief description of each standard or requirement. For example, a require-

ment might be related to the computer model, and might state that the computer

model you create to analyze the 20 or more green technologies will be

done in Excel 2010. Other standards or requirements might be related to the

quality of the financial analysis and research you use.

2. Review the Seven Basic Tools of Quality. Pick one and create a scenario

related to this project where the tool would be useful. Document the scenario

and tool in a short paper.

3. Find a high-quality research report related to green computing. Summarize

the report in a short paper that describes the high quality of the research.

Part 6: Project Human Resource Management

You are five weeks into the Green Computing Research Project, and the full-time team

members are together for the first time. You, Ben, Matt, and Le all work in the same location,

but Teresa and James are based out of town and do most of their work virtually. Le

is also new to the company and has just moved to the United States. She is staying in a

hotel and looking for a place to live. She’d like to buy her first home, but she wants to

make sure it’s a good investment and somewhere she’d like to stay for at least five years.

You get along well with your project sponsor, Ben, and Matt is a great resource, although

he is extremely reserved. Le is also very quiet, and you quickly discover that she is an

excellent researcher and writer, but she is not comfortable speaking in public. Teresa and

James are much more talkative and are excited to be working on this project. However,

James seems to be reluctant to use much technology to share ideas, and he enjoys faceto-face

meetings and discussions. You have made preliminary agreements with two outside

consultants to assist you with editing and the teleconferencing topic for your research.

You have to prepare a monthly progress report and presentation for Ito, the program

manager. You also have short meetings as needed with Ben, your sponsor, and you send

him a weekly progress report.


1. Before this first face-to-face meeting, you asked everyone to send a brief

introductory e-mail, including links to their personal Web sites, LinkedIn

sites, and other sites. You also asked everyone to take a short version of the

Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) online and share the results with the

rest of the team. Take this test yourself at and

research how different MBTI types respond to work environments, especially

for research projects and with virtual teams. Summarize your findings in a

short paper. Also document what you would write in an e-mail to introduce

Appendix C

yourself, assuming you are the project manager for this project. Be creative in

your response.

2. Prepare a responsibility assignment matrix in RACI chart format based on the

WBS you created earlier and the information you have on project team

members and other stakeholders. Use the template (ram.xls) and samples in

the text. Document key assumptions you made in preparing the chart.


3. Because everyone will be in town for most of the week, you want to make

sure they develop good working relationships. You also want everyone to

work together efficiently. You asked Matt to review collaboration tools and

recommend which ones the team should use for this project. As Matt starts

demonstrating some of the tools, including webcams and wikis, you notice

that a couple of team members seem uncomfortable, especially James. He

thought that he would be in charge of certain aspects of the research

reports, and was uncomfortable with the idea of other team members being

able to change his work in a wiki. Le did not like the idea of using a webcam.

She’d rather not have her face on video when communicating virtually.

Discuss these human resource concerns and others that you think

would be common in this situation. Include strategies for addressing these

concerns as well.

Part 7: Project Communications Management

Several communications issues have arisen on the Green Computing Research Project in

the three months since the project started. Your team had agreed to post all of its work on

a shared site, but a couple of team members don’t seem to like using the site and prefer to

use e-mails and attachments. When they do, other team members cannot easily see the

work in one place or provide feedback using the wiki tools. It is also clear that some team

members are better researchers and writers than others. When you have weekly conference

calls with the webcams, at least a couple of team members don’t use the webcam and

rely on the audio instead. You find that the meetings rarely end on time because some

team members become very talkative. Also, you were grilled by Ito at the last monthly

program review meeting. He thought you’d be much further along in the project by now

and expects you to have a recommendation for a promising green computing project by

next month. You haven’t seen any great ideas yet. You want to start having face-to-face

meetings at least twice a month, but you know it would make your project go over budget

even more. At least the Excel model is going well. You and Matt have put a good deal of

time into developing it. If only you had enough good data to put into it.


1. Write a short memo that describes some of the problems you are facing. You

would like to discuss the problems with seasoned, objective project managers

to get their advice.

2. Research the use of wikis and address the concerns that several team members

have about using them, especially their fear of having others “mess up”

their work. Document your findings in a short paper.

3. Write a short paper describing how you might approach two of the conflicts

described above.

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Part 8: Project Risk Management

Because several problems have occurred on the Green Computing Research Project, as

described in the previous section, you decide to be more proactive in managing risks. You

also want to address positive and negative risks.



1. Create a risk register for the project using the risk_register.xls template.

Identify six potential risks, including at least two positive risks.

2. Plot the six risks on a probability/impact matrix using the prob_impact_matrix.ppt

template. Print the matrix. Assign a numeric value for the probability of each risk

occurring and its impact on meeting the main project objectives. Use a scale of

1 to 10 to assign the values, with 10 being the highest. For a simple risk factor

calculation, multiply the probability score by the impact score. Document the

results in a one-page paper; include your rationale for how you determined the

scores for one of the negative risks and one of the positive risks.

3. Develop a response strategy for one of the negative risks and one of the

positive risks. Enter the information in the risk register and then print the

complete risk register. Also, write a one-page paper describing the specific

tasks needed to implement these two strategies. Include time and cost

estimates for each strategy.

Part 9: Project Procurement Management

After a monthly program management review meeting four months into your project, Ito

and Ben approved another $100,000 and an additional month to complete the work. You

provided a strong rationale to justify additional travel funds and more money for outside

consultants to help you find good research information. You decided to have James return to

his old job because he didn’t seem open to sharing ideas with others. It would be best to

have one of the participating consulting firms do the work that James was assigned to do,

even though the cost would be greater. The lead consultant, Anne, has done a great analysis

of improving overall energy efficiency for the company; her ideas could save millions of dol-

lars each year. Ben, your project sponsor, was disappointed that you couldn’tmeettheoriginal

time and cost goals, but he wants to make sure that the final results are of high quality.


1. Draft a contract to have Anne’s consulting firm perform the work that James

was supposed to do for this project. Assume that the contract would last for

three months and that Anne would be working about half-time, earning $200/

hour. She would also have other consultants do up to 100 hours of work at

$150/hour. They would do most of the work virtually, but Anne would come

to town at least once a month for face-to-face meetings. Limit the contract to

two or three pages, and be sure to address specific personnel and travel

requirements. Also make sure that all work produced is owned and copyrighted

by your company exclusively.

2. Deb, the editor you hired for this project, has asked for your assistance in

organizing the final comprehensive research report. Draft a one-page executive

summary and a table of contents for the report.

Appendix C

3. Prepare a lessons-learned report for what you have learned so far as the

manager of this project. Use the template provided on the companion Web

site (lessons_learned_report.doc); be creative in your response. Although this

is not really a procurement task, it is provided here for convenience.


Part 10: Project Stakeholder Management

Review what has happened so far in this case, especially the information from Part 7:

Project Communications Management. Assume that the project is still in its early stages,

and that you just presented information in the first monthly program review. Ito was upset

about the lack of progress, and he told Ben, your project sponsor.


1. Prepare a power/interest grid for stakeholders on this project.

2. Prepare part of a stakeholder management plan for the project, focusing on

how you could develop and improve relationships with key stakeholders.

3. Create an issue log for the project using the template provided

(issue_log.doc). List at least four issues and related information based on the

scenario presented and information from the Communications section.




Part 1: Initiating

You and several classmates are taking a project management class, and your instructor

has suggested a project to find or create good video clips to illustrate concepts that are

relevant to the class. For example, the Oceans 11, Oceans 12, and Oceans 13 movies

include great planning and execution clips. Apollo 13 provides a great example of scope

management and creative problem solving when the team must figure out how to keep the

astronauts alive. The Office television show includes many examples of poor motivation

techniques. In addition to providing the clips on DVD, you will write a summary of the

clips, including their length and source; introductions for each clip; discussion questions

that you can pose before and after each clip; and suggested answers to the questions. Your

instructor has suggested that teams find or create two good clips per team member. If

several teams in your class work on this project, you must coordinate with them to share

resources and avoid duplicating clips. Everything your team creates for the project should

fit on one DVD that runs on your instructor’s computer. The DVD will be for educational

use only, so you should not face any copyright issues.


1. To become more proficient at finding short video clips, do some preliminary

research. Go to sites like and search for videos related to project

management. Search for articles related to project management in the

movies, and visit sites such as to see movie trailers. Find other

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sites that have legitimate movie and television clips. Also discuss movies or

television shows that you and your teammates could use for this project.

Write a short paper that summarizes your findings and cites all references.

2. To become familiar with creating or editing short video clips, research how to

transfer short segments of an existing DVD to a computer. Research the

devices and software needed to create, edit, and post your own videos. (For

example, review Web sites such as and Summarize

at least three options, including price information. Write a short paper

that summarizes your findings and cites all references.


3. Prepare a team contract for this project. Use the team_contract.doc template

provided on the companion Web site, and review the sample in the text.

4. Prepare a draft project charter for the Project Management Videos Project.

Assume that the project will be completed by the last day of class. Assume

that costs will include an estimate of hours worked by the team and the cost

of necessary hardware and software for the project, such as DVDs, a camcorder,

and video editing software. Use the charter.doc template provided on the

companion Web site, and review the sample in the text.

5. Prepare a draft schedule for completing all of the tasks for this project.

Include columns that list each task by process group, estimated start and end

dates for each task, the person with the main responsibility for completing

each task, estimated hours for each task by person, and actual hours for each

task by person. Complete the schedule as information becomes available.

6. Write a brief summary of your team’s MBTI types and how they might

affect your team dynamics. You can take a version of the test from

7. Prepare a 10-minute presentation that summarizes the results from the preceding

initiating tasks. Assume that the presentation is for a review with your

class and instructor. Be sure to document notes of any feedback received

during the presentation and submit hard copies of everything you produced.

Part 2: Planning

Work with your teammates and instructor to perform several planning activities for this



1. Develop a scope statement for the project. Use the scope_statement.doc template

on the companion Web site and review the sample in the text. Be as

specific as possible in describing product characteristics and requirements as

well as key deliverables. Determine which video clips your team will provide

and the resources you think you will need, such as DVDs and camcorders. Be

sure to coordinate the clips with your instructor and other teams and get

feedback before handing in your scope statement.

2. Develop a WBS for the project. Use the wbs.doc template on the companion

Web site and review the samples in the text. Print the WBS in list form as a

Appendix C

Microsoft Word file. Be sure that the WBS is based on the project charter,

scope statement, draft schedule, and other relevant information.

3. Create a milestone list for this project. Include at least 10 milestones and

their estimated completion dates. Note that your instructor should have input

for several of these milestones and completion dates. Use the milestone_

report.doc template.


4. Develop a cost estimate for the project. Estimate the number of hours needed

to complete each task, including tasks that are already completed, and estimate

the costs of any items you would like to purchase for the project.

Assume a rate of $10 per hour for all labor. Use the cost_estimate.xls


5. Use the WBS and milestone list you developed in Tasks 2 and 3 and the draft

schedule you created earlier to develop a Gantt chart and network diagram

for the project in Project 2010. Estimate task durations and enter dependencies

as appropriate. Print the Gantt chart and network diagram. Also update

the draft schedule you created for Task 5 in the Initiating section.

6. Create a quality checklist for ensuring that the project is completed successfully.

Also define at least two quality metrics for the project.

7. Create a RACI chart for the main tasks and deliverables of the project.

8. Develop a communications management plan for the project. Use the

comm_plan.doc template on the companion Web site and the sample plan

provided in the text. Also create part of a stakeholder management plan,

focusing on how you will manage relationships with key stakeholders.

9. Create a probability/impact matrix and list of prioritized risks for the project.

Include at least 10 risks. Use the prob_impact_matrix.ppt template on the

companion Web site and the sample matrix provided in the text.

10. Prepare a 10-minute presentation that you would give to summarize results

from the preceding planning tasks. Assume that the presentation is for a

review with your class and instructor. Be sure to document notes of any

feedback received during the presentation and hand in hard copies of every-

thing you produced. Plan to show one video clip along with the discussion

questions to get feedback.

Part 3: Executing

Work with your teammates and instructor to perform several executing activities for this



1. Find or create your video clips and put them on one DVD. Be sure that the

DVD can run on your instructor’s computer.

2. Write the clip summaries, introductions, discussion questions, and suggested

answers to the questions.

3. Document any change requests you have during project execution and get

sponsor approval, if needed.

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Part 4: Monitoring and Controlling

Work with your teammates and instructor to perform several monitoring and controlling

activities for this project.



1. Review the Seven Basic Tools of Quality. Pick one of these tools and create a

chart or diagram to help you solve problems you face. Use the available templates

and samples provided. Note that the companion Web site has only a

template for the Pareto chart, which is called pareto_chart.xls.

2. Create and update an issue log as required. Use the issue_log.doc template

provided on the companion Web site and the sample provided in the text.

3. As described in the final task for the initiating and planning sections, be

ready to show progress you made as part of a project review. Also be sure to

document actual hours on each task in the draft schedule. You created this

schedule as Task 5 in the Initiating section and updated the schedule as part

of Task 5 under Planning.

Part 5: Closing

Work with your teammates and instructor to perform several closing activities for this



1. Prepare a 20-minute final presentation to summarize the results of the project.

Describe the initial project goals, planned versus actual scope, time, and

cost information, challenges faced, lessons learned, and key products created.

Be sure to list all of the clips your team found and show at least two of them

along with the discussion questions.

2. Prepare a final project report. Include a cover page and detailed table of

contents, and get feedback from your instructor as required. Be sure to

include all of the documents and products you have prepared as appendices.

3. Get feedback from your sponsor in the form of a customer acceptance/project

completion form. You can use the template called client_acceptance.doc or

collect the feedback in some other fashion. Also get feedback from your


4. If you are comfortable doing so, send a copy of your final project report

and feedback on this case to the author of this text at

[email protected]



Another way to practice your project management skills is by using simulation

software. Several tools are available, including those listed in this section. Note that

all are separate purchases. The following three tools are all Web-based and cost from

Appendix C

$20 to $40 per student; discounts are available if you mention this book. Consult the

suppliers for more details.

1. Fissure ( now provides a Web-based tool to help students

apply their project management skills in a simulated environment. The listed

price in May 2012 was $39.95. Most students can run the simulation once

within two to three hours. The following information was taken from the

Fissure Web site in May 2012.




, the Alliance Prototype project, is a simulated project from

Fissure Corporation used by many academic institutions around the

world as part of their project management curriculum. SimProject,

the Alliance Prototype project, has 7 tasks and 10 potential team

members. SimProject can be given as stand-alone homework for students

(individual or teams), or utilized as a classroom activity with teams of

three or four students sharing the role of project manager. Purchase

includes three runs or complete executions of the simulated project.

SimProject will expire after the third run or after 120 days (even if

all runs are not completed).

2. Double Masters ( provides a project management

simulation for academia. Instructors should contact [email protected]

and mention this book to receive a 20 percent discount on the academic

version. The price in May 2012 was $29.95 per student without the discount.

Most students take about seven hours to run the entire simulation. The

following information was taken from the Web site in May 2012:

Double Masters simulations are offered via the Web on demand and

can be run whenever convenient for the student or instructor.

This means there is no software to download or manage and the

simulation can be accessed from any computer in the world, as long

as there is Internet connectivity. The process is simple and


• An instructor will sponsor a session: a session ID and access code are

generated in order to group students into a single online course

• The instructor defines the session duration: start and end date for

student accessibility

• The students create a user account and register for the session identified

by their instructor

• The students can only run the simulation during the established time

constraints of the simulation

Registering for the simulation is easy. Instructors should have their

students consult the Student Guide for detailed instructions.

Reports are provided that make it easy for instructors to track their

students’ simulation run results. Key information reported includes:

• Complete list of decisions made

• Mail and documents read

• Schedule and budget data

• Final Earned Value Management metrics

Additional Cases and Software

The simulation provides each student with detailed feedback, using

various metrics to gauge the effectiveness of his or her decisions.

A Scorecard is available to both the student and instructor with a final

score out of 100.

3. Sandbox Model ( was available for $50 per student

in May 2012; you can get a 30 percent discount by mentioning this book.

Most students can run the Web-based simulation within 30 minutes. The

following information was provided in May 2012:



is an award-winning training and simulation tool which is used in

designing and managing real-world projects that require the use of all Project

Management aspects. Originally developed at the Technion Institute of

Technology, the software is now used by universities and practitioners

around the world. The simulation engine has scientific foundations that are

based on reality.

Using the PTB

, project managers of all levels can simulate realworld

case studies and perform “what if” analysis to predict how the project

they designed might play out in the real world. Providing life-like

uncertainty, project managers cope with managing the ongoing project in

an environment which emphasizes project monitoring and controlling to

a level never seen before in a training tool. The PTB

integrates different

topics of project management into one complete tool. The users get a

chance to see how everything connects through active hands-on training,

rather than by listening to lectures.

While other project management simulation tools include a small

number of predefined projects that the user can simulate, the PTB

includes a user-friendly case study generator, facilitating the development

of new case studies that suit a variety of businesses and projects. The

module even allows for importing projects from third party software such

as Microsoft Project. This feature enables using the PTB

in different

fields such as software development, construction, etc.

is the only project management simulator that takes variance

into account. Each project task can be performed in a number of

different modes. When the trainee selects the mode for execution, the

decision affects the project cost, schedule and quality. Another unique

feature is the History Mechanism. This permits users to “travel in time,”

view past decisions made in the project life cycle, and correct them if

necessary. After the project simulation ends, the mechanism allows the

user to learn from past mistakes and to duplicate successful solutions.


won the PMI Project of the Year award. Brian Weiss, vice president of

product management for PMI, said, “The experience projectmanagers gain during the simulation

is invaluable. Everything that takes place is based on actual project data, ensuring that

the project manager’s education is a pragmatic experience versus an academic one.”

You might want to consider two additional simulation tools:


• Harvard Business Publishing for Educators, Project Management Simulation:

Scope, Resources, Schedule. You can find out more about this tool from

• Shark World: You can find out more about this tool from

Appendix C



As mentioned in earlier chapters of this text, you can use mind-mapping software to

perform a SWOT analysis, create a WBS, and more. Readers of this text can download a

60-day free trial of MindView Business software by Matchware, Inc. Go to for more information. You can find numerous videos on how

to use this powerful software, starting with the Quickstart video at the Matchware site.

The following information was taken from in May 2012:


Kick-Start Your Planning Sessions!

Need a better way to visualize your tasks and work streams? Frustrated by note taking

during planning meetings? Looking for a professional Gantt chart tool that is fast and

easy to use? Then MatchWare MindView 4 Business is the ideal project management

software tool for you!

MatchWare MindView lets you use Mind Mapping to help every member of your team

fully understand the project, contribute to planning, follow the project timeline and

clearly visualize all tasks in an organized manner. It lets you take notes “on-the-fly” for

criteria or risk management and allows you to attach relevant files to each task in your

Mind Map (Excel® files, technical drawings, etc.). Task information such as resources,

duration and priorities can also easily be applied directly onto your Mind Map.

MatchWare MindView Business bridges the gap between Mind Mapping and

project planning by integrating a dynamic Gantt Chart. This allows you to create most

of your project plan in the Mind Map view and then simply switch to the Gantt view

for fine-tuning. Your final Gantt chart can then easily be printed or integrated with




MatchWare MindView Business is fast, efficient, affordable and easy to use! Just

follow these 4 easy steps:

1. Brainstorm using Mind Mapping

2. Apply task information

3. Fine tune project plans in the built-in Gantt view

4. Present your project plan

Key Features of MindView 4 Business for Project Management

• Built-in Gantt Chart

• Built-in Project Timeline

• Export/import to MS Office


• Integration with MS Project


• XML export import

• FREE viewer

Additional Cases and Software

End notes


Kathy Schwalbe, An Introduction to Project Management, Third Edition (August 2009).


Kathy Schwalbe, An Introduction to Project Management, Fourth Edition (July 2012).




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